Born in Paris, France, Camille Félix Bellanger received his artistic training at the École des Beaux Arts (School of Fine Arts) in Paris. There, he studied under the famous Academic artists Alexandre Cabanel (1823-1889) and Adolphe William Bouguereau (1825-1905). In 1875 he won a second class medal in the Prix de Rome competition (Rome Prize)).
Bellanger painted a range of subjects ranging from history, genre to portraits. Examples of his works include Death of Abel (1875); Angel at the Tomb (1877); Twilight and Morning (1881); Coucou! (1882); Cupid Asleep, A Florist (1883). Bellanger regularly exhibited his works at the French Salon in Paris, and he wrote a book entitled Traité de Peinture (Treatise of Painting). He was also a professor of drawing at the military school of Saint-Cyr. In 1911, Bellanger was decorated as a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur (Knight of the Legion of Honor).